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  • Title
    Series 01: Australian paintings by J.W. Lewin, G.P. Harris, G.W. Evans and others, 1796-1809
  • Call number
    PXD 388
  • Level of description
  • Date

  • Type of material
  • Reference code
  • Issue Copy
  • Physical Description
    32 watercolours (in 4 volumes) - various sizes
  • Scope and Content
    NOTE: For details of the artist of each drawing, see inscriptions and notes below.

    VOLUME 1
    f.1. Yorkton Port Dalrymple Van Diemens Land, 1808 / J.W. Lewin. 22.7 x 32.2 cm.
    f.2. A sketch...on the banks of the Paterson's River, N.S.W. intended to represent the Colonels quarters for the night, [1801] / J.W. Lewin. 24 x 34.8 cm.
    f.3. A view in Colonel Patersons Garden at Yorkton Port Dalrymple, 1809 / J.W. Lewin. 22.8 x 32.3 cm.
    f.4. Near Launceston Port Dalrymple, 1809 / J.W. Lewin. 23 x 32.4 cm.
    f.5. The Cataract near Launceston Port Dalrymple Van D.L., 1809 / J.W. Lewin. 22.7 x 32.3 cm.
    f.6. The second Cataract on the North Esk near Launceston Port Dalrymple, 1809 / J.W. Lewin. 22.8 x 32.3 cm.
    f.7. St. Phillips [ie Philips] Church Sydney, 1809 / G.W. Evans. 10.5 x 20.6 cm.

    VOLUME 2
    f.1. The Ground Parrot of New South Wales, [n.d.] / [J.W. Lewin]. 23.6 x 23.6 cm.
    f.1a. Titmouse, [n.d.]. / R. Dobson. 22.3 x 22 cm.
    f.2. Hibiscus heterophyllus, 1802 / J.W. Lewin. 30.8 x 23.1 cm.
    f.3. One of the Leguminosae, 1802 / J.W. Lewin. 25.2 x 19.5 cm.
    f.4. Grevillea, [n.d.]. / [J.W. Lewin]. 34.4 x 23.2 cm.
    f.5. Orchid, [n.d.]. / J.W. Lewin. 29.2 x 21.4 cm.
    f.6. A Bengal Cow and her calf...Launceston..., 1809 / J.W. Lewin. Image 15.1 x 23.6 cm. inside frame lines, on sheet 17.5 x 25.4 cm.

    VOLUME 3
    f.1. A view of Sydney N.S.Wales on entering the Heads the distance of Seven Miles, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 22.5 x 36.1 cm.
    f.2. A view of part of Port Jackson from Dawes's Point Sydney Cove, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 22 x 36 cm.
    f.3a. Government House, Sydney, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. Image 9.6 x 16 cm. mounted on backing 10.7 x 17.2 cm.
    f.3b. Government House, Parramatta, 1805, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. Image 9.6 x 16 cm. mounted on backing 10.2 x 17.3 cm.
    f.4. Government House Parramatta N.S.Wales, 1809 / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 22.5 x 34.6 cm.
    f.5. The landing place at Parramatta, Port Jackson, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 22 x 34 cm.
    f.6. A view of part of Parramatta Port Jackson, [1809?] / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 21.7 x 34.2 cm.
    f.7. The Settlement on the Green Hills, Hawksburgh [ie Hawkesbury] River N.S.Wales, 1809 / [attributed to G.W. Evans]. 23.8 x 36.7 cm.

    VOLUME 4
    f.1. Tringa. Wattled Sandpiper [Masked lapwing], 1806 / G.P. Harris. 24.3 x 20.5 cm.
    f.2. Falco. Van Diemen Hobby, [n.d.] / G.P. Harris. 24.2 x 19.9 cm.
    f.3. Alcedo. Three-toed Kingfisher, 1806 / G.P. Harris. 21.9 x 20 cm.
    f.4. Pipra. M. & F. Speckled Manakins, 1806 / G.P. Harris. 24.3 x 18.8 cm.
    f.5. Strix. Little spotted owl, 1806 / G.P. Harris. 23.4 x 21.1 cm.
    f.6. Tetrao. Quail No.1, 1806 / G.P. Harris. 23.6 x 20 cm.
    f.7. The Carrajan, [n.d.] / [attributed to Mrs Bellasis]. 25.5 x 19 cm.
    f.8a. [Flowering plant, n.d.]. / [by E. Grose]. 13.7 x 19 cm.
    f.8b. The Egg of the New South Wales Pheasant, [n.d.]. 11.3 x 15.2 cm.
    f.9. Two islands of Ice ..., 1796. Image 19.3 x 36.5 cm. above caption, on sheet 24.6 x 36.5 cm
  • Copying Conditions
    Out of copyright: Creator died before 1955
    Please acknowledge:: Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales
  • General note

    VOLUME 1
    f.1 signed and dated in ink on reverse `G.P. Harris del 1809 Copyed by Jn. W. Lewin 1809'.
    A detached caption, inscribed in pencil `By Lewin after Harris 1800', accompanies vol.1 f.1.
    ff.3-6 signed and dated in ink on reverse `G.P. Harris delt 1808 Copyed by Jn.W. Lewin 1809'.
    ff.1-6 titled on accompanying scrapbook leaf.
    f.7 dated and titled on accompanying scrapbook leaf, with further note `named after the first Governor'.
    f.7 signed `G. W. Evans delt.' in ink on reverse at lower right. This watercolour was previously recorded as unsigned and was attributed to Lewin because others in the album are by Lewin after G.P. Harris. Evans' signature was uncovered by removal of a backing sheet during conservation treatment in 1987, negating the earlier attribution.

    VOLUME 2
    f.1 unsigned and undated. Title, followed by note reading `drawn by Lewin', written in ink on accompanying scrapbook leaf.
    f.1a signed `R. Dobson' in image above base of branch
    f.2 signed and dated `I.W. Lewin. 1802. N.S.W.' at lower left. In lower left corner is a detailed sketch of a flower part.
    f.3 signed and dated `I.W. Lewin. 1802. N.S.W.' at lower centre. At lower left and lower right are detailed sketches in grey wash of two flower parts.
    f.4 unsigned; on scrap-book leaf to which sketch is attached is a note `by Lewin'. Undated. Untitled; title from list in portfolio. Along lower edge are four detailed wash sketches of flower parts. On the back of the scrapbook leaf is a watercolour sketch of a bird and flowers, signed `R. Dobson', but undated and untitled.
    f.5 signed `I.W. Lewin. New South Wales' at lower right. Undated.
    f.2-5 untitled; titles from list in portfolio.
    f.6 signed and dated `I.W. Lewin 1809' at lower right. Titled on scrapbook leaf to which sketch is attached.

    VOLUME 3
    ff.1-7 are unsigned. Most are similar to views by or attributed to G. W. Evans and seem to be copies of them. The style is similar to that of Evans and it seems likely that the watercolours are by him and that most, if not all of them are later copies by him of his own paintings. See notes filed at PXn 265.
    ff.1, 2, 4-7 titled on accompanying scrapbook leaf.
    ff. 1-3b, 5 and 6 are undated; dated from ff.4 and 7, which are dated on accompanying scrapbook leaf.
    f.1 is very similar to `Sydney Harbour', an undated watercolour signed `G.W. Evans' (DG 153). It seems likely that the drawing in this volume is a later copy by Evans of his own work.
    f.2 is very similar to another watercolour, `A View of Part of Port Jackson...1807' held by ANZ Bank, a b&w photo of which is held at SPF/Sydney - Harbour & Islands, 1807.
    Two hand-coloured plates from Lewin's Insect book were taken from the reverse of the scrapbook leaf accompanying vol.3 ff.3a-b and placed with others in a portfolio with Printed Books
    f.3a is untitled; titled from comparison with other illustrations of Government House.
    f.3b is almost identical to `Govnt. House...1805', a watercolour signed `G.W. Evans' (ML 140). Undated; title date from ML 140; date of drawing from others in this volume.
    f.5 is similar to `Parramatta' (SV1B/Parr/9), a watercolour also attributed to Evans, but this sketch shows more detail and may be a later copy.
    f.7 is similar to `Windsor, Head of Navigation...' (SV1B/Wind/6), a watercolour also attributed to Evans, though this sketch appears to be a later copy as it is more detailed.

    VOLUME 4
    f.1 signed and dated `G.P. Harris. delt. 1806' at lower right.
    f.2 signed `G.P. Harris delt.' at lower left. Undated.
    ff.3-6 signed and dated `G.P. Harris delt. 1806' at lower left.
    ff.1-6 titled along upper edge.
    On reverse of vol.4 f.5 is a wash drawing of a quill pen resting on an open book.
    f. 7 unsigned, undated; title and attribution to Mrs. Bellasis from note on accompanying scrapbook leaf.
    f.8a unsigned, undated, untitled. On scrapbook leaf to which sketch is attached is a note reading `by E. Grose'.
    f.8b unsigned, undated. Titled from scrapbook leaf to which the sketch is attached.
    f.9 unsigned. Dated and titled from inscription beneath drawing.

    It has been suggested that these albums were compiled by Lieut. Gov. William Paterson, who was in NSW from 1791 (apart from a break between 1796-1799) to 1810. See Early artists of Australia / Rex and Thea Rienits. Sydney : Angus & Robertson, 1963. The sketches when acquired by the Library were in a scrapbook which contained also fourteen plates from Lewin's insect book, fifteen plates from Martyn's conchology, and seven plates from a butterfly book. All the plates were extracted and catalogued for Printed Books catalogue. On the verso of the scrapbook leaves were prints from the Victorian era; these were left in place. Leaves to which the sketches were attached have been left with the sketches as many of them had contemporary titles written on them.
    Digital order no:Album ID : 823548
  • Signatures / Inscriptions

    VOLUME 1
    f.2 "A Sketch by Lewin taken on the banks of Paterson River N.S.W. intended to represent the Colonels quarters for the night. The Colonel first discovered the river so named and is the figure leaning on his arm" -- inscribed in ink on reverse of scrapbook leaf accompanying vol.1 f.2
    f.7 "The Front of Sydney Church / New South Wales. 1809." -- inscribed in ink on reverse at top left

    VOLUME 2
    f.6 "A Bengal Cow, and her Calf / English cross, one year old. Launceston, P. Dal." -- inscribed in ink on reverse of scrapbook leaf accompanying vol.2 f.6

    VOLUME 3
    f.2 "An East View of part of Port Jackson / from the West side of Sydney Cove called Dawe's Point / New South Wales - 1809" -- inscribed in ink on reverse at top left
    f.7 "The Green Hills from the / [word cut off at left edge of page?] of the Hawkesbury River. / New South Wales 1809" -- inscribed in ink on reverse at top left

    VOLUME 4
    f. 2 "Ralphs Bay, Table Mountain and River Derwent V.D. Land from Betsys Island. N.B. The Smoke shews the situation of the settlement at Hobart Town" -- note along lower edge at right
    f.4 "Hunters Island & the Derwent from Hospital Hill - Hobart Town" -- note at lower right
    f.6 "Mt. Direction River Derwent V.D. Land" -- note at lower right edge, vol.4 f.5
    "View of mountains near the S. Cape River Huon -" -- note at lower right
    f.7 "The Carrajan by Mrs. Bellasis. Sydney. The shrub from the bark of which the natives make their fishing lines." -- note on scrapbook leaf accompanying vol.4 f.7
    f.9 "Two islands of Ice supposed to be connected together under water; seen 23rd: december 1796 in latitu[de]50 45's. Their distance from the ship were three miles. The height of the largest appeared to be two hundred and eighty feet and its circumference near two miles." -- caption along lower edge beneath frame lines
  • Conservation note

    In 1992 the watercolours were removed from acidic board and the secondary supports with contemporary inscriptions retained.

    Watercolours have been separated from the scrapbook leaves to which they were originally attached and remounted in window mounts. The scrapbook leaf accompanying each drawing is kept in a sleeve on reverse of mount.
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