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  • Title
    Collection 19: Letter from Arthur Phillip to the Marquis of Lansdowne, 3 July 1788
  • Creator
  • Call number
    SAFE/MLMSS 7241 (Safe 1/234)
  • Level of description
  • Date

    3 July 1788
  • Type of material
  • Reference code
  • Issue Copy
  • Physical Description
    0.02 metres of textual material (1 folder) - manuscript

    Arthur Phillip was appointed first Governor of the colony of New South Wales on 12 October 1786. He was commander of the First Fleet which sailed from Spithead on 31 May 1787 and disembarked at Port Jackson, New South Wales, on 26 January 1788. In December 1792, Phillip returned to England, resigning his post as Governor on 23 July 1793. He died in 1814.
    William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne and 2nd Earl of Shelburne, was a British politician. Both he and Phillip were associated with a group advocating free trade.
  • Scope and Content
    Four page letter signed by Arthur Phillip, Sydney Cove, 3 July 1788. Phillip informs the Marquis that he has named the Lansdowne (here spelt Lansdown) Hills after him, mentions the difficulty of settlement and describes the Aboriginal inhabitants. Phillip explains his reasons for preferring Port Jackson over Botany Bay. Port Jackson offered a water supply and a safe harbour: 'here a Thousand Sail of the Line may ride in the most perfect Security'.
  • Finding Aids
  • General note

    Microfilm copy available at CY 4317, frames 1-15
    Digital order no: Album ID : 824047
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  • Name
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  • Place
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