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  • Title
    "The Founding of Australia. By Capt. Arthur Phillip R.N. Sydney Cove, Jan. 26th 1788" / Original [oil] sketch [1937] by Algernon Talmage R.A.
  • Creator
  • Call number
    ML 1222
    Status: On display – Paintings from the Collection, Room 1, West Wall, no. 26
  • Level of description
  • Date

    1937 (historical recreation of the raising of the Union Jack, Sydney Cove, 26 January 1788)
  • Type of material
  • Reference code
  • Issue Copy
  • Physical Description
    1 painting - oil - 77 x 106.5 cm, in carved gilded wooden frame, 93 x 123 cm
  • Source
    Presented by Mr Robert O. Albert, AM, May 2000
  • Copying Conditions
    Out of copyright: Artist died before 1955
    Please acknowledge: : Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales
  • General note

    This work was offered for sale in 1999 by Hordern House, Sydney in their Rare Books, Manuscripts, Paintings & Prints catalogue, item no. 35. It had previously been in the possession of the late Douglas Hope Johnston. In 1937 Hope Johnston issued a printed version (ML ref. V1/1788/3). Another version was also published in 1937 by the Medici Society, London (ML ref. XV1/1788/3, 3a).
    The Hordern House catalogue notes that: 'The selection of the artist and the responsibility for the historical accuracy of the picture were borne by Douglas Hope Johnston, the great-grandson of Lieut.-Col. George Johnston ... Hope Johnston was the founder of the Australasian Pioneers' Club and a keen student of Australian history.'
    There are two finished versions of the painting, for which this is the preliminary oil sketch: In the Tate Gallery, London, dated 1938 and measuring eight by ten feet, presented as a Coronation Year gift to Great Britain by Mr M.F. (Frank) Albert of Sydney. It was loaned to the Australian Government for the 1938 Sesqui-Centenary Celebrations; the second large version, dated 1938, hangs in Parliament House, Sydney (colour transparency at ML ref. FM2/1803).
    A tapestry based on the version of this work held by the Tate Gallery, London was unveiled in 1996 at the Royal Military Museum (Old Wardroom), Eastney Barracks, Portsmouth. The tapestry was woven by the Victorian Tapestry Workshop. (Information from Mr R.O. Albert, January 2001.)
    Digital order no:a128112
  • Signatures / Inscriptions

    Signed, dated and inscribed in black brushpoint lower left by the artist 'A. Talmage 1937 Sketch for Founding of Australia'.
    Frame label lower edge centre with title and identification of (left to right): '1st Lieut. Newton Powell (i.e. Fowell)'; Lieut P.G. King R.N. H.M.S. Sirius'; Lieut George Johnston A.D.C.'; Capt. Arthur Phillip R.N.; 'Capt. David Collins Judge Advocate'; 'Commdr. H.L. Ball R.N. H.M.S. Supply'.
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