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413053
  • Title
    First Fleet Collection of journals, correspondence and drawings, ca. 1786-1802, held in the Mitchell and Dixson Libraries.
  • Level of description
    fonds
  • Type of material
  • Reference code
    413053
  • ADMINISTRATIVE/ BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY

    The First Fleet, consisting of 11 vessels, was the largest single contingent of ships to sail into the Pacific Ocean. Its purpose was to found a convict settlement on the east coast of Australia, at Botany Bay.
    The First Fleet sailed from England on 13 May 1787, carrying more than 1,500 people, and arrived at Botany Bay eight months later, on 18 January 1788. Governor Arthur Phillip rejected Botany Bay choosing instead Port Jackson, to the north, as the sight for the new colony; they arrived on 26 January 1788. The Fleet consisted of two naval escorts, HMS Supply and the flagship HMS Sirius, carrying the Governor; six convict transports, the Alexander, Charlotte, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales and the Scarborough; and three storeships the Borrowdale, Fishburn and Golden Grove.
  • Scope and Content
    JOURNALS
    Arranged alphabetically by writer's name

    COLLECTION 01
    Arthur Bowes-Smyth, illustrated journal, 1787-1789

    COLLECTION 02
    William Bradley, illustrated journal, 1791-1792, compiled 1802+

    COLLECTION 03
    Ralph Clark - journal, 1787-1792

    COLLECTION 04
    John Easty - journal, 1786-1793

    COLLECTION 05
    John Hunter - journal, 1787-1791

    COLLECTION 06 vols 1 and 2
    Philip Gidley King - private journal, 1786-1792
    Private journal, in two volumes, Vol. 1, 1786-1789 ; Vol. 2 , 1789-17 April 1790, with additional material, 1790-1792

    COLLECTION 07
    Philip Gidley King - fair copy of journal, 1786-1790; compiled 1790

    COLLECTION 08
    Jacob Nagle - memoir, 1775-1802; compiled 1829

    COLLECTION 09
    James Scott - journal, 1787-1792

    COLLECTION 10
    George Bouchier Worgan - letter written to his brother Richard Worgan, 12 - 18 June 1788.
    Includes journal fragment kept by George on a voyage to New South Wales with the First Fleet on board HMS Sirius, 20 January 1788 - 11 July 1788

    LETTERS AND CORRESPONDENCE
    Arranged alphabetically by writer's name

    COLLECTION 11
    Blackburn family - letters written by David Blackburn, 1779

    COLLECTION 12
    David Blackburn - letters written to Richard Knight, 12 July 1788, 19 March 1791

    COLLECTION 13
    John Campbell - letter written to his parents, 9 August 1789

    COLLECTION 14
    Ralph Clark - letterbook, 1787-1791

    COLLECTION 15
    Joseph Lepaute Dagelet - Letter to William Dawes, 3 March 1788

    COLLECTION 16
    Lord Ducie, Francis Reynolds Morton - letters received from Captain James Campbell, 12 July 1788, October 1788

    COLLECTION 17
    Fowell family, and others - letters written by Newton Fowell, 1786-1790

    COLLECTION 18
    Rev. Richard Johnson - letters written to Henry Fricker, 1787-1797; with associated papers

    COLLECTION 19
    Arthur Phillip - letter written to the Marquis of Lansdowne, 3 July 1788

    COLLECTION 20
    Letter from John and Elizabeth Russell to Mrs Mary Fogewell, Totness, Devon, 10 July 1788

    COLLECTION 21
    Henry Waterhouse - letters written to his father William Waterhouse, 1788-1801

    DRAWINGS
    Arranged alphabetically by artist's name, or compiler's name

    COLLECTION 22
    Richard Pulteney - natural history illustrations of Australian flora & fauna, 1790s

    COLLECTION 23
    George Raper, and unknown artist - Australian fishes, 1774-1794

    COLLECTION 24
    George Raper - Australian flowers, 1787-1799

    COLLECTION 25
    Album of watercolour drawings of Australian natural history, owned by Robert Anderson Seton, ca.1800

    COLLECTION 26
    Sydney Bird painter - collection of Australian bird illustrations from the 1790s

    COLLECTION 27
    Unknown artist/s - drawings of birds chiefly from Australia, 1791-1792

    COLLECTION 28
    Botanical drawings of Australian plants, ca. late eigtheenth century
  • General note

    This selection comprises ten of the eleven known First Fleet journals, including two versions of Philip Gidley King's journal; and correspondence and artworks of First Fleeters.
  • Subject

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